The prominent secular activist shared a controversial cartoon mocking the Islamic State on Facebook.
“The people want the fall of the government … No security, they killed Nahed in Amman,” protesters chanted Monday.
Hattar, a secular activist from the country’s Christian minority, was standing outside the Jordan’s Palace of Justice Sunday in the country’s capital, where he awaited trial for sharing a cartoon on social media last month deemed by some to be anti-Islamic, a crime punishable under Jordan’s anti-blasphemy laws. As he entered the court house, a 49-year-old man identified by local media sources as Riad Abdullah, a former imam, shot Hattar three times. Security sources told theJordanian Times the gunman confessed after the shooting, and said he targeted Hattar for posting the controversial caricature.
The Jordanian government condemned the killing as a “heinous crime,” charging the gunman with premeditated murder, committing a deadly terrorist attack, and possession of an unlicensed weapon, according to the Associated Press. He could face the death penalty if convicted.
Hattar’s family, however, blamed the government for failing to prevent the writer’s death, and called on Hani al-Malki, the Jordanian prime minister, and Salama Hammad, the interior minister, to step down.
“Many fanatics wrote on social media calling for his killing and lynching, and the government did nothing against them,” Hattar’s family said in a statement.
The government also issued a gag order Monday, barring Jordanian news outlets from publishing stories about the writer, including on social media, in order to, “protect the secrecy of the investigation.”
Amnesty International issued a statement Monday condemning the attack as “an alarming message about the state of freedom of expression in Jordan today,” and called on the government to commit to protecting individuals’ freedom of expression, regardless of the subject matter. Freedom of expression has long beenrestricted in Jordan, whose laws enable the government to restrict media’s internet access and block unfavorable converge.
Hattar’s death is the latest in a number of violent incidents in Jordan, a U.S. ally which has long been regarded as one of the more stable countries in an increasingly unstable region. Last year, a Jordanian policeman killed five peopleat the country’s international police training center near Amman. In June, a car bomb was detonated near a refugee camp and military post in the northeast part of the country, killing six.
September 28, 2016
Jordanian writer Nahed Hattar was on his way to face blasphemy charges in Amman when a gunman, apparently seeking to punish Hattar for the satirical cartoon that led to the charges, shot him in front of a courthouse. The blasphemy charges cast a harsh light on the limits of free expression in one of the most democratic Arab states, just as the killing and and other recent violent incidents exposed how sectarian strife roiling the rest of the region is threatening Jordan’s stability.
Hattar’s trial and his death are just more brutal reminders of how theocratic governments and religious vigilantes — often one and the same — try to silence voices that challenge their dogma and power. The Center for Inquiry has long fought to protect freedom of speech and religion in countries like Jordan, Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan where voicing an opinion can risk breaking blasphemy laws or triggering mob justice. This week CFI is marking International Blasphemy Rights Day, this Friday, September 30, with a week of information and action items that you can use to be part of the fight for free expression. We are exploring different aspects of the problem each day of the week, saving Friday for a special announcement related to the theme of “saving lives.” Please join us all week — and join the campaign.