The World was well-developed long before the appearance of the Bible

The focus of this article is concerned with the disreputable claims, made mostly by devout Christians, that the Cosmos was an undifferentiated mass before the appearance on Earth of a God some 6,000 years ago. Or alternatively, that “civilization” only appeared courtesy of ‘ancient’ Hebraic culture. Both claims are demonstrably false.

The stele of Hammurabi , (see image), dates to about 1750 BCE or roughly a thousand years before any part of the Christian bible was written.

The entry on Wikipedia gives a good basic introduction to it’s place in history:

The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1754 BC (Middle Chronology). It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi, enacted the code, and partial copies exist on a seven and a half foot stone stele and various clay tablets. The code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth” (lex talionis)[1] as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man.[2]

Nearly one-half of the code deals with matters of contract, establishing, for example, the wages to be paid to an ox driver or a surgeon. Other provisions set the terms of a transaction, establishing the liability of a builder for a house that collapses, for example, or property that is damaged while left in the care of another. A third of the code addresses issues concerning household and family relationships such as inheritance, divorce, paternity, and sexual behavior. Only one provision appears to impose obligations on an official; this provision establishes that a judge who reaches an incorrect decision is to be fined and removed from the bench permanently.[3] A few provisions address issues related to military service.

It is clear from any serious study of the physical structure and history of our planet that it formed in it’s more or less modern condition at least several hundred million years ago. We have verifiable physical evidence to prove this dating is accurate.

By the same measure we have the stele of Hammurabi to prove with physical evidence that an ‘ancient’ civilization possessed a very sophisticated law code, alphabet, civil service structure, and ethical system, again, a thousand years earlier than the first writings of what we now call ‘the Old Testament’. If we wish to go further back in history we can point to the Egyptian Old Kingdom which existed a thousand years before Hammurabi, or to the Mesopotamian or Chinese cultures which began four thousand years earlier still.

Sophisticated agnostics and atheists generally do not have a problem with religious beliefs held by individuals at a personal level; but do develop an animus when beliefs are dispensed as facts, especially when accompanied with that mantel of moral or ethical superiority stance well documented in literature. Or when such beliefs are sufficient to deny basic human or social rights to those who do not subscribe to those beliefs.

Thus, the sole arbitrator of what presentation is, as Carl Bernstein wrote, ‘the best obtainable version of the truth’ comes down to actual, physical evidence which can be independently verified by qualified investigators. Beliefs, opinions, and commentary can ‘fill-in’ around the edges; but should never become the basis for considerations of material facts.   – Richard @ Flexible Reality – May 4th, 2017

 

 

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