Legal issues related to “duty to retreat”

The Duty to Retreat in Self-Defense Law and Violence against Women

by Aya Gruber – Jul 2017 – DOI:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935352.013.5Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the complicated relationship between the duty to retreat in self-defense law and violence against women. It first provides an overview of self-defense law in the United States, with particular emphasis […]

Key concept: who is responsible for proof

Self Defense and “Stand Your Ground”


The common law principle of “castle doctrine” says that individuals have the right to use reasonable force, including deadly force, to protect themselves against an intruder in their home. This principle has been codified and expanded by state legislatures.

In the 1980s, a handful of […]

democracy and that other thing

by Heather Cox Richardson – Nov 21, 2021


“Yesterday, the head of Ukraine’s defense intelligence agency, Brigadier General Kyrylo Budanov, told Military Times that he expects Russia to attack his country in late January or early February. Russia has placed more than 92,000 troops at its border with Ukraine.

In a visit to Washington, […]

At trial in the modern age

Unjust but not unexpected – by Richard @ Flexible Reality – Nov. 21, 2012 ****************************

The previous century gave us prior examples such as Leo Frank, Emma Goldman, Sacco and Vanzetti, Rubin Carter, Gordon Hirabayashi, George Zimmerman, and now Karl Rittenhouse. What these cases have in common is the judicial system picked the winner […]

“it’s the economy stupid…”

by Heather Cox Richardson – Nov. 17th, 2021

*** Today, President Joe Biden hit the road to sell the benefits of the $1.2 trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill he signed into law yesterday. In Woodstock, New Hampshire, today, standing at a bridge deemed structurally unsafe—one of the 215 unsafe bridges in New Hampshire—Biden said “Clean water, […]

The Last Progressive – an article by Andrew Bacevich

Andrew Bacevich, American Politics Hits the Wall POSTED ON NOVEMBER 14, 2021 (Into by Tom…(

What a burst of attention, analysis, and fretting in the mainstream media about the election of Republican Glenn Youngkin as governor of Virginia! The shock was so great you might almost have thought this country had never elected Donald […]

The bad guys are winning


Illustration by Oliver Munday* ITHE BAD GUYS ARE WINNING

If the 20th century was the story of slow, uneven progress toward the victory of liberal democracy over other ideologies—communism, fascism, virulent nationalism—the 21st century is, so far, a story of the reverse.

By Anne Applebaum

Illustrations by Michael Houtz NOVEMBER 15, 2021, […]

COP26 blah blah blah


Almost everything being said by powerful governments at COP26 is a distraction from the crucial task: keeping fossil fuels in the ground.

By George Monbiot, published in the Guardian 3rd November 2021


In some respects, preventing climate breakdown is highly complicated. But in another, it’s really simple: we need to leave fossil fuels […]

Topicality defined – article by George Monbiot in the Guardian

Surface Tension

Posted: 02 Nov 2021 12:31 PM PDT

Our survival depends on piercing the glassy surface of distraction, and ceasing to obey.

By George Monbiot, published in the Guardian 30th October 2021


There is a myth about human beings that withstands all evidence. It’s that we always put our survival first. This is […]